Canthopexy / Canthoplasty
Canthopexy and canthoplasty are surgical procedures that can be performed in conjunction with (upper blepharoplasty or lower blepharoplasty) cosmetic eyelid surgery or as part of reconstructive surgery when the corner of the eyelid needs to be supported and strengthened.
A canthopexy or canthoplasty can help tighten the eyelids to prevent looseness or sagging especially after lower eyelid surgery. These procedures can also be used to change the shape of the eye from a more rounded appearance to more of an almond shape.
A canthopexy is less invasive and requires the meticulous placement of sutures to tighten and stabilize the lateral canthal tendon and orbicularis oculi muscle without detaching or reconstructing the tendon. This technique supports the outside corners of the eyes and minimizes the risk of eyelid malposition after lower eyelid surgery.
A canthoplasty is more invasive than a canthopexy as it involves cutting through the orbicularis oculi muscle, detaching the lateral canthal tendon from the bone at the side of the eye. The eyelid may then be shortened and the lateral canthus is reformed and repositioned at the desired height and to achieve the desired degree of eyelid tightness. A canthoplasty may be needed in the setting of eyelid malpositions (ectropion or entropion), to change the shape of the eyes, or for eyelid reconstructions.
Selecting the right cosmetic surgeon is a choice that you live with for years, if not your entire life. A successful procedure will make you feel more like yourself and give you greater confidence for years to come. On the other hand, selecting the wrong surgeon increases your chances of having poor results, which can lead to additional costs, time, and heartache.
When choosing your surgeon, there are a few key points to keep in mind:
A canthopexy or canthoplasty can be performed using local anesthesia in Dr. Liu’s procedure room or in some cases the surgery may be performed at an off-site surgery center for additional sedation. Only in very rare cases would general anesthesia be used.
It is difficult to provide pricing before a patient has had a consultation with Dr. Liu. The cost of a procedure can vary depending on what a patient needs and what the surgery will entail. More importantly, many patients come to Dr. Liu believing that they need a certain procedure, only to find out during the consultation that a different procedure will provide a better outcome. Dr. Liu believes that patients should be able to speak with their physician before experiencing any out of pocket expense, which is why consultations with Dr. Liu are complimentary.
Dr. Liu will make a skin incision by the outside corner of the eye and place it in an area where scarring from the procedure will be less visible. Once the incision is made, she will identify the lateral canthal tendon and adjust it using specialized surgical instruments including microsurgical instruments. Dissolvable sutures will be placed underneath the skin to support the lateral canthus and achieve the desired restructuring and reshaping of your eyelids.
The specific techniques that Dr. Liu uses will be selected based on your needs. Because Dr. Liu has such specialized training, she has access to a number of techniques that are not utilized by most other doctors, and she will tailor these techniques to get the best outcome for you.
A canthopexy or canthoplasty typically adds about half an hour to an hour onto your surgery.
A canthopexy or canthoplasty will have scars on the outside corner of the eyelids and they will be placed in an area that is less visible once healed. Non-specialized surgeons typically have results with more visible scarring.
Eyelid surgery is generally a very safe procedure. When considering any eyelid surgery, it is important to inform your surgeon of any abnormalities of your eyes, vision, or your general medical health. Dr. Liu requires all eyelid surgery patients to have a full eye exam with dilation completed within the last year before scheduling surgery.
It is important to remember that while all surgery carries some risks, even when performed by the most highly trained surgeon and at the best facilities. Below are some of the more common risks associated with eyelid surgery:
The likelihood of serious complications arising from the procedure is typically influenced by both the surgeon’s skill as well as the patient’s individual response to the eyelid surgery. Certain severe risks or complications can be avoided by cooperating fully and completely following your surgeon’s instructions. With patience, a willingness to cooperate, and a qualified surgeon, the complications of eyelid surgery and any associated risks can be dramatically reduced.
Surgery should be scheduled for a time when you can relax for at least 1-2 weeks. It is important to avoid any strenuous activity, heavy lifting, or bending down during this time to avoid complications and to promote the best healing. It is also important to avoid taking any blood thinning medications for at least two weeks prior to surgery. If you are on a blood thinning medication due to a specific medical condition, you will need to discuss this with Dr. Liu and your primary care physician prior to stopping any medication. Dr. Liu’s staff will review a list of common medications, supplements and vitamins that can cause your blood to be thinner.
Please note that Dr. Liu expects to see patients back in the office a few days after a procedure to ensure that the healing process is going as expected and that you are on track for a good result. Do not plan any travel immediately after your procedure.